Historie. The Pennine climate is generally temperate like that of the rest of England, but the hills have more precipitation, stronger winds and colder weather than the surrounding areas. Principal peaks in the Yorkshire Dales include Whernside 2,415 ft (736 m), Ingleborough 2,372 ft (723 m), High Seat 2,328 ft (710 m), Wild Boar Fell 2,324 ft (708 m) and Pen-y-ghent 2,274 ft (693 m). The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or simply the United Kingdom (UK) is a sovereign country in Western Europe.It is a constitutional monarchy that is made up of four separate countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.It is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth, NATO and the G8.It had the sixth largest economy in the world by nominal GDP in 2019. Féach freisin. The line was closed in 1981. There are also significant challenges for managing tourism, farming and other developments within the National Park. At the time of its completion in 1845, Woodhead 1 was one of the world's longest railway tunnels at a length of 3 miles 13 yards (4,840 m); it was the first of several trans-Pennine tunnels including the Standedge and Totley tunnels, which are only slightly longer. The Trent and Ouse meet and enter the Humber at Trent Falls. Sykdommen ble første gang påvist under koronavirusutbruddet i Wuhan i Kina i desember 2019. Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty are afforded much the same protection as national parks. For much of their length the Pennine hills are the main watershed in northern England, dividing east and west. During the Dark Ages the Pennines were controlled by Celtic and Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. The name of the Pennines, the Backbone of Britain, is taken from that of the Apennines, the Backbone of Italy. [6] The Howgill Fells[7] and Orton Fells[8] in Cumbria are sometimes considered to be Pennine spurs to the west of the range. Dywedir yn aml eu bod yn ffurfio "asgwrn cefn Lloegr", gan ffurfio cadwyn ddidor o fryniau sy'n ymestyn o Ardal y Copaon yn Swydd Derby, trwy'r Dyffrynnoedd Swydd Efrog, rhannau o Fanceinion Fwyaf, Rhosdiroedd Gorllewin Pennine yn Swydd Gaerhirfryn a bryniau Cumbria i Fryniau Cheviot ar y ffin rhwng Lloegr a'r Alban. Principal peaks in the Forest of Bowland include Ward's Stone 1,841 ft (561 m), Fair Snape Fell 1,710 ft (521 m), and Hawthornthwaite Fell 1,572 ft (479 m). The Pennine region is sparsely populated by English standards. It is believed that the north Pennines were under the control of the kingdom of Rheged. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. The southern end of the Pennines is said to be in the High Peak of Derbyshire at Edale, the start of the Pennine Way but the range of hills continues south across the Peak District to the Trent Valley,[4] encompassing northern and eastern Staffordshire, and southern Derbyshire.[7][32][33]. [41] The South Pennines are predominantly industrial, with the main industries including textiles, quarrying and mining,[42] while other economic activities within the South Pennines include tourism and farming. [48], Further south the A58 road traverses the Calder Valley between West Yorkshire and Greater Manchester reaching 1,282 feet (391 m) between Littleborough and Ripponden, while the A646 road along the Calder Valley between Burnley and Halifax reaches 764 feet (233 m) following valley floors. South of the Aire Gap is a western spur into east Lancashire, comprising the Rossendale Fells, West Pennine Moors[5] and the Bowland Fells in North Lancashire. Penniny se rozkládají ze severu k jihu, oddělují Severozápadní Anglii od hrabství Yorkshire a Severovýchodní Anglie.Nejvyšší bod je Cross Fell (893 m). Den raske, verdensomspennende spredningen førte til koronaviruspandemien fra mars 2020. The first two tunnels were replaced by Woodhead 3, which was longer at 3 miles 66 yards (4860m). The region is widely considered to be one of the most scenic areas of the United Kingdom. The erosion of peat still exposes stumps of ancient trees. Pennines. The fusion of Norse and Old English was important in the formation of Middle English and hence Modern English, and many individual words of Norse descent remain in use in local dialects, such as that of Yorkshire, and in local place names. Denne siden ble sist redigert 9. des. Here the shales and sandstones of the Millstone Grit form high hills occupied by moorland covered with bracken, peat, heather and coarse grasses;[36] the higher ground is uncultivable and barely fit for pasture. In the Pennine millstone grit areas above an altitude of 900 feet (270 m) the topsoil is so acidic, pH 2 to 4, that it can grow only bracken, heather, sphagnum, and coarse grasses[36] such as cottongrass, purple moor grass and heath rush. The Pennine Way is a National Trail in England, with a small section in Scotland. The Howgill Fells and Orton Fells are sometimes considered to be part of the Pennines, both inside the Yorkshire Dales National Park. English Wikipedia has an article on: Pennines. Wikipedia . The highest is … fra Wikipedia, den frie encyklopedi. Company membership comprises six local authorities: Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Lancashire County, Oldham and Rochdale along with Natural England, United Utilities and Yorkshire Water, the National Trust and Northern Rail. Arctic hares, which were common in Britain during the Ice Age and retreated to the cooler, more tundra-like uplands once the climate warmed up, were introduced to the Dark Peak area of the Peak District in the 19th century. Má tá … The Aire Gap links Lancashire and Yorkshire via the valleys of the Aire and Ribble. [citation needed] In the Peak District, a notable custom is well dressing, which has its origin in pagan traditions that became Christianised. The Yorkshire Dales are characterised by valleys, moorlands and fells[31] while the North Pennines consist of plateaus, moorlands, fells, edges and valleys, with most of the higher peaks in the west. The Pennines are an important water catchment area with numerous reservoirs in the headwaters of the major river valleys. The tunnel was opened by the transport minister Alan Lennox-Boyd on 3 June 1954. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. The mountains are not very tall and are often called hills. The trail stretches for 268 miles (431 km) from Edale, in the northern Derbyshire Peak District, north through the Yorkshire Dales and Northumberland National Park and ends at Kirk Yetholm, just inside the Scottish border.The path runs along the Pennine hills, sometimes described as the "backbone of England". Around 3000 BC a noticeable decline in tree pollen indicates that neolithic farmers were clearing woodland to increase grazing for domestic livestock, and studies at Linton Mires and Eshton Tarn find an increase in grassland species. [14] It did not become a common name until the 18th century and almost certainly derives from modern comparisons with the Apennine Mountains, which run down the middle of Italy in a similar fashion. It is not an ancient name, but the similarity of the two mountain ranges appealed to the classically educated. The Pennines are an important water catchment area with numerous reservoirs in the head streams of the river valleys. The Pennine Way is a National Trail in England, with a small section in Scotland. Here tree suppression combined with the heavier rainfall results in blanket bog up to 7 ft (2 m) thick. Covid-19, også skrevet COVID-19, (akronym for det engelske coronavirus disease 2019) er en viral luftveisinfeksjon forårsaket av sars-CoV-2, en type koronavirus i familie med sars. The Pennines, Scottish Highlands, Southern Uplands and Snowdonia are the only areas of the UK in zone 7. Our Geology. Media in category "Pennines (hills)" The following 67 files are in this category, out of 67 total. Ilyen név például Penrith városé, a Pen-y-ghent lanka, az Eden-folyó, vagy Cumbria.Ennél gyakoribbak az angolszász vagy óészaki eredetű nevek. The northern Pennine range is bordered by the foothills of the Lake District, and uplands of the Howgill Fells, Orton Fells and Cheviot Hills. Often said to be the " backbone of England", they form an unbroken range stretching from the Peak District in the Midlands , through the Yorkshire Dales , parts of Greater Manchester , the West Pennine Moors of Lancashire and Cumbrian Fells to the Cheviot Hills on the Scottish border. The hills are a series of highland blocks dissected by rivers such as the Tees, Aire and Ribble. The London and North Western Railway acquired the Huddersfield and Manchester Railway in 1847 and built a single-line tunnel parallel to the canal tunnel at Standedge with a length of 3 miles, 57 yards (4803 m). Terrain is lower towards the south, principal peaks in the South Pennines and Peak District include Kinder Scout 2,087 ft (636 m), Bleaklow 2,077 ft (633 m), Black Chew Head 1,778 ft (542 m), Rombalds Moor 1,319 ft (402 m) and Winter Hill 1,496 ft (456 m). The uplands have a short, steep western slope and dip gently eastward. The Vikings influenced place names, culture and genetics. They are surrounded on the east, west, and south by the Vale of York, the In some parts, the trail has been re-routed as the numbers of hikers were causing substantial erosion. The traditional start of the Pennine Way is The Old Nags Head, Edale, and the traditional end point is Kirk_Yetholm, and the Border Hotel. Media in category "North Pennines" The following 126 files are in this category, out of 126 total. Pennines - The Pennines /ˈpɛnaɪnz/ are a low-rising mountain range, separating the North West of England from Yorkshire and the North East. Maximum discharge through the Humber can reach 1,500 m3/s (53,000 cu ft/s).[34]. The South Pennines is a region of moorland and hill country in northern England lying towards the southern end of the Pennines.In the west it includes the Rossendale Valley and the West Pennine Moors.It is bounded by the Greater Manchester conurbation in the west and the Bowland Fells and Yorkshire Dales to the north. Pennines Range of hills in n England, extending from the Tyne Gap and Eden Valley on the border with Scotland to the valley of the River Trent. The Pennines have been carved from a series of geological structures whose overall form is a broad anticline whose axis extends in a north–south direction. The Pennines are a mountain range in England. In the Peak District, tourism is the major local employment for park residents (24%), with manufacturing industries (19%) and quarrying (12%) also being important while 12% are employed in agriculture. They evolved an early form of kingdom. The Pennine way is a popular hiking trail that runs the entire length of the Pennines. The uplands have a short, steep western slope and dip gently eastward. [47], Gaps that allow west–east communication across the Pennines include the Tyne Gap between the Pennines and the Cheviots, through which the A69 road and Tyne Valley railway link Carlisle and Newcastle upon Tyne. Altitude and size. They are surrounded on … [28] The South Pennines is an area of hills and moorlands with narrow valleys between the Peak District and Yorkshire Dales. Three trans-Pennine canals built during the Industrial Revolution cross the range: The first of three Woodhead Tunnels was completed by the Sheffield, Ashton-Under-Lyne and Manchester Railway in 1845, engineered by Charles Vignoles and Joseph Locke. Fauna in the Pennines is similar to the rest of England and Wales, but the area hosts some specialised species. [43], Although the Forest of Bowland is mostly rural, the main economic activities in the area include farming[44] and tourism. [29] Bowland is dominated by a central upland landform of deeply incised gritstone fells covered with tracts of heather-covered peat moorland, blanket bog and steep-sided wooded valleys linking the upland and lowland landscapes. Pennines, major upland mass forming a relief “backbone,” or “spine,” in the north of England, extending southward from Northumberland into Derbyshire. Language; Watch; Edit; Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pennines (hills). [12], Various etymologies have proposed treating "Pennine" as though it were a native Brittonic/Modern Welsh name related to pen- ("head") . Related to Pennines… In the Peak District the A628 Woodhead road links the M67 motorway in Greater Manchester with the M1 motorway in South Yorkshire and Holme Moss is crossed by the A6024 road, whose highest point is near Holme Moss transmitting station between Longdendale and Holmfirth. The Pennines are the longest mountain range in the UK and largest mountain range that is in England. [38] The cities of Bradford, Derby, Leeds, Manchester, Sheffield, Stoke-on-Trent and Wakefield are also in the surrounding foothills and lowlands. [13] In fact, Redmonds found repeated comparisons with the Italian Apennines going back at least as early as William Camden (1551–1623),[18] many of whose placenames and ideas Bertram incorporated into his work. A low mountain range stretching through north central England. Pennines, major upland mass forming a relief “backbone,” or “spine,” in the north of England, extending southward from Northumberland into Derbyshire. The eastern side is drier than the west—the rain shadow shields northeast England from rainfall that would otherwise fall there. The West Pennine Moors, Rossendale Valley[5] and Forest of Bowland[6] are western spurs, the former two are in the South Pennines. This province is divided into two equal parts by a chain of mountains called the Pennine Alps, which rising on the confines of the, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFDeecke1904 (, Sheffield, Ashton-Under-Lyne and Manchester Railway, "Writer inspired by beauty of Pennines celebrates its views", "A Renewed Examination of 'Richard of Cirencester, "Yorkshire Dales expand into Lancashire in national parks land grab", "The Landscape of The Forest of Bowland Area Of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)", "The Humber Catchment and its Coastal Area", "Great Dun Fell 2 Climatic Averages 1981–2010", "Peak District National Park: Study Area", "£1.2m fund available to South Pennines farm businesses", "Standedge Tunnel & Visitor Centre: Opening times and prices", "Timetables – The Settle Carlisle Railway", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pennines&oldid=998426432, Mountains and hills of Greater Manchester, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2013, Articles with dead external links from October 2011, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2008, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 09:32.

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