The United States, after much fumbling, supported Syngman Rhee, a Korean nationalist who had been exiled to the United States in 1907. Causes of the Korean War. Rhee became President of the newly-declared independent South Korea in October 1948. The annexation of the Korean peninsula in the early 1910 by Japan was also a possible cause because they might have developed some sections of Korea leaving other sections marginalized. »In mid-September, the UN forces captured the undefended port of Incheon and forced the invading NKPA back north. It is hoped by the masses that these overtures would one day result in the unification of the two nations. On January 5, 1950, Secretary of State Dean Acheson, speaking at the National Press Club, articulated the American policy. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Korean War Korean War Korean War was the civil war that took place from June 1950 to July 1953 between the North and the South Korea. »While peace talks carried on until 1953, both the armies went on the defensive, concentrating on not allowing the other party control over strategic areas rather than another incursion on to enemy territory. The Cold War was an important cause in the Korean War. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Japan had effectively occupied Korea since 1904. We hope you enjoy this website. The United States troops occupied the southern part of the country and Russian forces took the north. © 1996-2020 Historycentral. Elections were suppose to be held but the Soviets would not allow it. The juxtaposition of the Soviet, set on expanding communism, and the USA, trying their best to eradicate it, was always going to be fraught with tension. Korea had been divided between North and South at the end of the World War II with Russia occupying the North. »In spite of the 1953 Armistice, a Peace Treaty was never written, and the inability of the two sides to resolve their differences has meant that the two Koreas have had to remain in a battle-ready state ever since. South Korea’s political situation was chaotic, and finally, US-backed Syngman Rhee presided over the first administration. As the United States drew down its military in the post war period, the American garrison of 40,000 quickly withered to a force of 472 officers and men who made up the Korean Military Advisory Group (KMAG). One factor that cannot be ignored when discussing the causes of the Korean War is the rising Cold War tensions during the period. However, after the Sino-Japanese war in 1894-95, certain parts of Korea were occupied by Japan. Copyright © Historyplex & Buzzle.com, Inc.
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