What does this verse really mean? This holy city will have the glory of God (ἡ δόξα τοῦ Θεοῦ equals כּבוד יהוה), but no temple; because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. He tries to prove that all the conditions which it lays down for the glorifying of the temple have now been realized. And even his power, which seemed destined to last for ever, very speedily succumbed to the lot of all temporal things. And the words "in this place will I give peace" are now fulfilled. This is peace above peace, which shall be given after the third shaking of heaven sea earth, dry land, when He shall destroy all powers anti principalities (in the day of judgment). 8. And when He was born, the angels proclaimed Luke 2:14 "on earth peace, goodwill toward men" Luke 1:79. This prompted Haggai's second prophecy... that the glory of the future Temple would surpass that of the previous one, "'The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former,' says the LORD of hosts, 'and in this place I will give peace,' declares the LORD of hosts.". The allusion to our prophecy, as Hengstenberg says, is unmistakeable here. Into this holy city of God will the kings of the earth bring their glory and honour, and the heathen who are saved will walk therein (Revelation 21:10-11, Revelation 21:22-24). How much more, since Scripture saith not, 'Great shall be the beauty or the wealth of this latter house above the first,' but the glory: and the glory is not the wealth or the beauty, or the largeness of the dimensions of the building, as they said in their interpretations, for the 'glory' is in truth spoken of the glory of God, which filled the tabernacle, after it was set up, and of the glory of God which filled the house of God, which Solomon built, when he brought the ark into the holy of holies, which is the Divine cloud and the Light supreme, which came down thither in the eyes of all the people, and it is said, 'And it was when the priests came out of the Italy place, the cloud filled the house of God, and the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of God filled the house of God.' Haggai 1:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Haggai 1:9, NIV: "You expected much, but see, it turned out to be little.What you brought home, I blew away. Ganz Tzemach David, par. 65. The Church today is the Temple of God, made from living stone, and the Spirit of God indwells our mortal bodies. "There Christ, the Son of God, was, as a Child, offered to God: there He sat in the midst of the Doctors; there He taught and revealed things, hidden from the foundation of the world. 1. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. declares the LORD Almighty. Outline. It was to be a less ornate structure and less substantial than the one destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar, and many wept aloud. & 24. The glory of this temple was in Him Who John 1:14. was made Flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the Only Begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth." 1. Temporal peace then was nothing, to be then given them, for they had it. Brief Summary: Will the people of God reconsider their priorities, take courage, and act on the basis of God’s promises? But the fault of this rests purely upon Israel. The prophet mentions at the very outset the utmost and the last that God will do, to clear away all existing hindrances to the completion of His kingdom in glory, and then passes on to the shakings of the world of nations which prepare the way for and lead on to this result, just as Micah in Micah 4:1-13 comes back from the most remote future to the less remote, and then to the immediate future. 'Because of my house, which remains a ruin, while each of you is busy with your own house." The Jews in Haggai's times hesitated about going forward with the work, through dread of the world power, Medo-Persia, influenced by the craft of Samaria. For what the wise of blessed memory have said of the beauty of the house of Herod is in relation to the house which Zerubbabel built. To comfort those distressed by the poverty of the house of God which they were building, God promises a glory to this house greater than before. The Arabic version adds, "peace of soul, I say, to be possessed by everyone that labours to raise up this temple.''. In order, namely, to give emphasis to his admonition, not to expose themselves to still severer punishment than fell upon those who hardened themselves under the Old Testament against the incomplete revelation of God, by rejecting the far more perfect revelation of God in Christ, he quotes our prophecy, and shows from it (Hebrews 12:26), that at the founding of the old covenant only a comparatively small shaking of the earth took place; whereas for the times of the new covenant there had been predicted a shaking not only of the earth, but also of the heaven, which indicated that what was moveable was to be altered, as made for that purpose, that the immoveable might remain. Haggai 1:15-2:9 The People Obey the Lord. The poor unconverted Jew did not know the answer to his question: "Through the presence of God, in the substance of our flesh; through the son given to us, Whose name should be Mighty God." "For whoever speaks to men, must speak of things according to a human method of thinking; or if he do not, he must make it clear that this is the case. This is Koehler's view. … Jesus will return from heaven again, but not till Israel shall have been converted to the Messiah it rejected. In either case, the contrast is between two things, either the temple in that its former estate, and this its latter estate after the captivity, or the two temples of Solomon and Zerubbabel. i. God holds out no vain hopes. Haggai 1:15b – 2:9 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Haggai is a post-exilic prophet, serving during the period following the Babylonian Exile. ((o) T. Bab. fol. The Hebrew prophet Haggai wrote about B.C. before it was destroyed by Titus and the Romans. And just to recap for a moment, you saw that these children of Judah had come out of captivity, from seventy years captivity in Babylon, they'd been given their freedom. in this place … peace—namely, at Jerusalem, the metropolis of the kingdom of God, whose seat was the temple: where Messiah "made peace through the blood of His cross" (Col 1:20). Haggai (/ ˈ h æ ɡ aɪ /; Hebrew: חַגַּי ‎ – Ḥaggay; Koine Greek: Ἀγγαῖος; Latin: Aggaeus) was a Hebrew prophet during the building of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, and one of the twelve minor prophets in the Hebrew Bible and the author of the Book of Haggai.He is known for his prophecy in 520 BCE, commanding the Jews to rebuild the Temple. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. 8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, declares the Lord of hosts. (Note: Aug. Koehler also assumes that the ultimate fulfilment of our prophecy will not take place till the second coming of Christ, although he is of opinion that, generally speaking, it has not been fulfilled in the manner originally intended. Peter sums up "the word which God sent unto the children of Israel, as Acts 10:36 preaching peace by Jesus Christ Romans 14:17. In the second year of King Darius: The prophecy of Haggai gives us several specific chronological marking points (Haggai 1:1, 1:15, 2:1, 2:10, 2:20). pp. ... Haggai 2:9(NASB) Verse Thoughts. Thus the promise covers the entire development of the kingdom of God to the end of days. Haggai reminds them that their presence in the Promised Land doesn't make everything they do holy. Meaning of Haggai. As had been her glory, so was her dishonor increased." xv. This peace begins by the removal of the difficulty in the way of the just God accepting the guilty (Ps 85:8, 10; Isa 9:6, 7; 53:5; Zec 6:13; 2Co 5:18, 19); then it creates peace in the sinner's own heart (Isa 57:19; Ac 10:36; Ro 5:1; 14:17; Eph 2:13-17; Php 4:7); then peace in the whole earth (Mic 5:5; Lu 2:14). It is that "peace" mentioned at the conclusion of Haggai 2:9. He does not, however, thereby represent the predicted shaking of heaven and earth "as still in the future," as Koehler supposes; but, as his words in Hebrews 12:28 (cf. Despite the edict of the great king Cyrus, after Israel's 70 year-long captivity in Babylon, the temple of the Lord continued to lie into disrepair. This it was which Malachi sang with joy Malachi 3:1, "The Lord whom ye seek shall suddenly come to His temple, even the Messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in. Zerubbabel, the governor of Judah, and Joshua, the high priest, responded speedily to Haggai's call to rebuild, and within twenty-three days the construction work was underway. 1) Who is left among you who saw this temple in its former glory? The completion of the temple will be marked by an earth-shaking event that shall signal to the nations of the world to come to the temple (verses 6-7). (12-15) Commentary on Haggai 1:1-11 (Read Haggai 1:1-11) Observe the sin of the Jews, after their return from captivity in Babylon. Thus the "glory" consists in this "peace." The sum of these two rules of the law is, that sin is more easily learned from others than holiness. Scripture: Haggai 2:9, James 1:27, 1 Samuel 4, 2 Samuel 6. The two most powerful kingdoms that grew out of the monarchy of Alexander, viz., the Syrian and Egyptian, destroyed one another. If Koehler had put this clearly to his own mind, he would certainly have hesitated before he built up a view on the basis of an erroneous idea of the day of the Lord which necessarily leads to the denial not only of the divine prescience or the πρόγνωσιη τοῦ Θεοῦ, but also of the supernatural character of the old Testament prophecy.). The Romans now attained to the government of the world; but at the very time when they appeared to be at the summit of their greatness, their shaking had very considerably advanced" (Hengstenberg). (This sermon and series is updated from 2004.) Hâachărōn might be regarded as belonging to habbayith hazzeh, in the sense of "the glory of this latter house;" and the majority of the commentators have taken it so, after the Itala, Vulgate, and Peschito. Christ Himself was to be Isaiah 9:6-7 "the Prince of peace: of the increase of His government and of His peace there was to be no end;" in His days Psalm 72:3, Psalm 72:7 "the mountains were to bring peace to the people; there should be abundance of peace, so long as the moon endureth; the work of righteousness was to be peace Isaiah 32:17, the chastisement of our peace (that which obtained it) was upon Him" Isaiah 53:5, "great should be the peace of her children" Isaiah 54:13, in the Gospel God would give peace, true peace, to the "far off and the near" Isaiah 57:19. Again by Pompey (Josephus, Ant. The earlier commentators were no doubt generally right, when they sought for the fulfilment in the establishment of the new covenant through Christ; they simply erred in referring the predicted shaking of the nations and the promised glorification of the temple in too one-sided and exclusive a manner to the coming of Christ in the flesh, to His teaching in the temple, and to the establishment of the kingdom of heaven through the preaching of the gospel. Haggai 2:19 Translation & Meaning. Yoma, fol. He whom God has called to the government has gold and silver enough. The second year of Darius, in which Haggai prophesied, was 520 B.C. And only what is short in the eyes of men is fitted for this" (Hengstenberg). ii. "The ruined skeleton of the Temple was like a dead body decaying in Jerusalem and making everything contaminated." 8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith the LORD of hosts. (translation: World English Bible) Political intrigues had stopped the rebuilding of the Temple, and the enthusiasm of the first return had died away in the face of prolonged difficulties. Haggai presses the point of divine honor further by opening up before the eyes of the community what the completed temple would mean for God’s role in the world. 2. Even though the rebuilt Temple would be less magnificent that its earlier counterpart, God promised that the 'final glory of the God's House' would eclipse its former glory, which must have seemed impossible to those lamenting elders. In the second year of King Darius, in the sixth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the LORD came by Haggai the prophet to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, saying,a. B. J. i. 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